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A meniscectomy is a surgical process that is performed to remove a torn meniscus from the knee joint. Meniscectomy is an arthroscopic surgery done through a small cut made on the body with the aid of keyhole camera.
In humans', most injuries to the meniscus are the result of trauma. The meniscus is especially vulnerable to injuries in which there is both compression and twisting applied across the knee. It is also common for the, meniscus to be damaged in association with injuries to anterior cruciate ligament.
When a meniscus is torn, it will often produce pain, swelling and mechanical symptoms like catching, or locking, in the knee joint. An injury to the menisucs can be diagnosed based upon the history that the patient provides and a physical examination of the knee.
The following factors may increase the risk of complication;
The orthopedic surgeon may also require further diagnostic studies like on MRI, which provide three- dimensional image of the interior of the knee joint. In some cases, surgeons may also recommend arthroscopic inspection of the knee joint, a minimally invasive surgical procedure.
Certain patterns of the injury, especially in young patients, may call repair of the meniscus. The decision to repair is based on many factors, including location and pattern of the tear, age of the patient and certainty of whether the injury will be able to heal.
Other patterns of tears, especially in older patients, are not suitable for repair. If the patient is symptomic and traditional treatment options like physical therapy are not working, surgery to remove the torn section is recommended. This surgery is called arthroscopic partial meniscectomy and is usually performed on an outpatient basis, typically in one hours or less.
Post operative care:
Studies of partial meniscectomy have shown that 78% to 88% of people have good results from partial meniscectomy. This means that 78 to 88 people out of 100 people who have this surgery have decreased symptoms and are able to return to most or all of their activities.
A meniscectomy surgical procedure can be easily done under the supervision of Dr.Mohan, Orthopedic surgeon.