Knee Replacement

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Knee replacement is a surgical procedure to rectify serious knee damage by removing damaged cartilage and bone in the knee joint .Then, human made artificial bones or joints are replaced. Knee replacement can relieve pain and allow you to be more active. 

Knee Replacement Surgery

Partial knee replacement 

Traditionally, patients have undergone total knee replacement for serious arthritis of the knee joint. But now, the system changed, partial knee surgery or a uni -compartmental knee arthroplasty,' is a surgery that may be considered for treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee joint. The advantage is that, here a small cut is made and recovery period is tool fast, whereas total knee replacement, all cartilage is removed from the knee joint through a big incision. 

Rotating knee replacement 

The rotating knee replacement install not only swing back and forth, but the knee can also rotate inwards and outwards. Because a normal knee joint rotates a small amount, the rotating knee replacements are projected to more closely imitate normal knee motion. This is one of the replacement techniques which will ensure both reliability and durability. 

Gender specific knee replacement 

Gender specific knee replacement entitles a special technique of knee replacement that implants are designed in a similar way, except that the "average" is different for a man's bone and a woman's bone. The idea behind doing this is that by better imitating the normal anatomy, the joint replacement implants may allow for better function, as well as improved durability. 

Custom knee replacement 

This is another type, similar to other form of replacement procedure, within a MRI is taken prior to the surgery and custom cutting guides are then made for the patient. This helps the surgeon to remove and replace the exact bone.

Risks involved in knee replacement are:

  • Nerve damage
  • Heart attack
  • Infection
  • Knee stiffness
  • Stroke
  • Blood clots in the leg vein or lungs

Post-operative care 
During your stay in hospital, a physiotherapist will teach you exercises to help strengthen your knee. You can usually begin these the day after your operation. It is very important that you follow the physiotherapist's advice to avoid complications or dislocation of your new joint. 
You will usually be in hospital for 6 to 10 days. Patients who have had a half knee replacement usually have a shorter hospital stay.
You may be given some specific exercises to do. You may also be given advice on taking short walks and carrying out normal household activities, such as walking up and down stairs. These exercises will help restore your movement and strengthen your new knee. Even after you have recovered, it is best to avoid extreme movements or sports where there is a risk of falling, such as skiing or riding a bicycle. 
Knee replacements are usually performed on people suffering from painful arthritic conditions of the knee severe enough to limit one's normal day to day activities. Most people who have artificial knees are over age 55, but the procedure is also offered to younger people with knee degeneration if their quality of life is severely affected. 
Knee joint replacement procedure is conducted by Dr.Mohan here, who is well equipped with the latest cutting edge technologies.

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